BAT Conclusions for Waste Incineration: setting new standards of excellence for the Waste-to-Energy sector

ESWET welcomes the publication by the European Commission of the Best Available Techniques (BAT) Conclusions for Waste Incineration (WI), setting new requirements for the Waste-to-Energy (WtE) sector.
These new standards of excellence confirm Waste-to-Energy as the most sustainable waste management option for non-recyclable waste, as opposed to landfilling.
Currently, the emissions produced by WtE plants are so low that even the most sophisticated technologies can hardly measure them
In order to help stakeholders and players to understand the WI BREF in its entirety and to identify the points needing clarification for implementation with competent authorities, ESWET has prepared together with CEWEP and FEAD an Explanatory and Guidance document (E&G-d) which addresses comprehensively the identified topics, such as uncertainty of measurements, and proposes practical solutions.

Best Available Techniques for WI and their Associated Emission Levels (BAT-AELs)
The BAT Conclusions under Directive 2010/75/EU on industrial emissions (the ‘IED’) provide national authorities with the technical basis for setting permit conditions for industrial installations. Assuring that these installations are operated according to what is considered BAT, thus reaching the best available protection of health and environment.
There is a 4-year period for Member States, starting on 03 December 2019, to implement the BAT Conclusions for existing WtE installations, i.e. permitted before the publication of the BAT conclusions. New installations, i.e. first permitted after the publication of the BAT Conclusions, will need to comply immediately with the new requirements.
The WI BAT Conclusions are a key legally-binding element of a broader document, the WI BAT REFerence (BREF) document.